Work info: Summa Theologica - Christian Classics Ethereal.
Aquinas and the Ethics of Virtue Thomas Williams Note: This is a preprint of my introduction to the forthcoming translation by Margaret Atkins of Thomas Aquinas’s Disputed Questions on the Virtues (Cambridge Texts in the History of Philosophy). The basic procedure was simple. The topic would be announced in advance so that everyone could prepare an arsenal of clever arguments. When the.
This Element provides an account of Thomas Aquinas's moral philosophy that emphasizes the intrinsic connection between happiness and the human good, human virtue, and the precepts of practical reason. Human beings by nature have an end to which they are directed and concerning which they do not deliberate, namely happiness. Humans achieve this end by performing good human acts, which are.
It then attempts to show that Aquinas’s thinking on war is rooted in his understanding of the virtues by providing a brief overview of how the cardinal virtues (prudence, justice, fortitude, temperance) and theological virtues (faith, hope, and charity) are connected to just war considerations. KEY WORDS: Thomas Aquinas, just war, cardinal virtues, theological virtues, virtue ethics.
Disputed Questions on the Virtues by Thomas Aquinas. CONTENTS. Question 1: On the Virtues in General Question 2: On Charity: Question 3: On Fraternal Correction Question 4: On Hope Question 5: On the Cardinal Virtues. Disputed Question on the Virtues in General translated by Ralph McInerny in Disputed Questions on Virtue, St. Augustine’s Press, South Bend, Indiana, 1999 modified and html.
The first is that, since Aquinas thinks that the four cardinal virtues are jointly necessary for the possession of every other virtue (he labels this “Cardinality Sub-thesis CT1”), the mutual dependence of the four cardinal virtues follows by simple logic. 14 The second argument rests on the Sub-thesis CT1 and the fact that every time a cardinal virtue is found in a person it is found as a.
Following Aristotle, Aquinas rejects the Platonic conception of morality as a purely intellectual affair, making a distinction between intellectual virtues (such as the science of geometry) and moral virtues (among which resides the virtue of temperance).13 13 A third category, that of the theological virtues, lies outside the scope of the present essay.
Moreover, to establish the definition and division of the virtues annexed to the cardinal virtues, he draws upon the lists of virtues compiled by Cicero and Macrobius, a choice that makes it difficult for Aquinas to know where to place such Christian virtues as humility, obedience or vigilance. The impression that the treatise on the virtues is above all a philosophical treatise is accentuated.